Bhutan is located in the folds of the great Himalayan Mountains, land-locked between the two big neighbors, China and India with about 800,000 people living harmoniously with Nature. It occupies an area of 38,394 sq.km and it is perhaps the only country, which resembles a huge park. Buddhism is the predominant religion of the country; other religion includes Hindu, Christianity and Muslim.
Bhutan’s economy is one of the smallest and least developed in the world which is based on agriculture, hydropower and tourism that provides the main livelihood for the population of the country. The country is immensely rich in flora and fauna, and is one of the ten biological hot spots of the world. It has over 5,400 species of plants, including 300 species of medicinal plants, some thriving even at 3,700m above. Bhutan has the forest cover of 72% and the new Constitution further mandates the forest covers to be maintained at 60% for all times to come.
Bhutan follows the policy of Gross National Happiness which is defined more constructively as favoring sustainable development, cultural preservation, social wellbeing and happiness. On the political view, the remarkable political change initiated by the fourth King had transformed the country from Monarchy to Constitutional democracy and is one of the youngest democracies in the world.
There are Dzongs (Fortresses) which are massive structures built way back in the 17th century. Every district has a Dzong, with architecture that will melt the hearts of the world’s best architects and all festivals are held in these Dzongs.
Bhutanese people are very humble, honest and welcoming and most Bhutanese speak English. Himalayan Kingdom is today one of the most sought after high end tourist destinations. And there is no reason why it should not be, for Bhutan is an unparalleled nation of the 21st century.